What is meant by cross apply in SQL Server?
CROSS APPLY in SQL Server
CROSS APPLY returns only rows from the outer table that produce a result set from the table-valued function. It other words, result of CROSS APPLY doesn’t contain any row of left side table expression for which no result is obtained from right side table expression.
What does outer apply do in SQL Server?
The OUTER APPLY operator returns all the rows from the left table expression irrespective of its match with the right table expression. For those rows for which there are no corresponding matches in the right table expression, it contains NULL values in columns of the right table expression.
Is Outer apply same as LEFT join?
OUTER APPLY resembles LEFT JOIN, but has an ability to join table-evaluated functions with SQL Tables. OUTER APPLY’s final output contains all records from the left-side table or table-evaluated function, even if they don’t match with the records in the right-side table or table-valued function.
When would you use cross apply?
The most common practical use of the CROSS APPLY is probably when you want to make a JOIN between two (or more) tables but you want that each row of Table A math one and only one row of Table B. In the following example, in more detail, each user (Table A) will match with its longest trip (Table B).
What is difference between cross apply and outer?
The APPLY operator can take one of two forms: CROSS APPLY or OUTER APPLY. The CROSS APPLY operator returns rows from the primary (outer) table only if the table-value function produces a result set. … The OUTER APPLY form, on the other hand, returns all rows from the outer table, even if the function produces no results.
Is Cross apply faster than inner join?
So simple and so fast. Summary: While most queries which employ CROSS APPLY can be rewritten using an INNER JOIN , CROSS APPLY can yield better execution plan and better performance, since it can limit the set being joined yet before the join occurs.
What is difference between cross and cross join?
In simple terms, a join relies on self-sufficient sets of data, i.e. sets should not depend on each other. On the other hand, CROSS APPLY is only based on one predefined set and can be used with another separately created set. A worked example should help with understanding this difference.
What is the function of a full outer join?
What is the function of a full outer join? Explanation: The full outer join operation preserves the tuples named on both the sides of the operation. Unlike the inner join, outer joins preserve tuples from either or both sides of the operation.
What is Outer apply in Oracle?
The OUTER APPLY join is a variant of the LEFT OUTER JOIN . The usage is similar to the CROSS APPLY join, but it returns all rows from the table on the left side of the join. If the right side of the join returns no rows, the corresponding columns in the output contain NULLs.