What is a the use of the TOP clause in SQL Server?

What does the top clause do in SQL?

The SQL TOP clause is used to fetch a TOP N number or X percent records from a table.

What is the difference between top and limit in SQL?

The TOP clause is used to fetch the n no of top records from the table. The LIMIT is used to retreive the records from one or more tables from the database. And we can limit the no of records returned from the database. Most of the SQL databases are not support the LIMIT command.

How do you use top percentage in SQL?

Example – Using TOP PERCENT keyword

For example: SELECT TOP(10) PERCENT employee_id, last_name, first_name FROM employees WHERE last_name = ‘Anderson’ ORDER BY employee_id; This SQL Server SELECT TOP example would select the first 10% of the records from the full result set.

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How do you select the top 5 values in SQL?

SQL SELECT TOP Clause

  1. SQL Server / MS Access Syntax. SELECT TOP number|percent column_name(s) FROM table_name;
  2. MySQL Syntax. SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. LIMIT number;
  3. Example. SELECT * FROM Persons. LIMIT 5;
  4. Oracle Syntax. SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. WHERE ROWNUM <= number;
  5. Example. SELECT * FROM Persons.

How can I get first 100 rows in SQL?

The SQL SELECT TOP Clause

  1. SQL Server / MS Access Syntax: SELECT TOP number|percent column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  2. MySQL Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  3. Oracle 12 Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  4. Older Oracle Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) …
  5. Older Oracle Syntax (with ORDER BY): SELECT *

How do I have multiple rows in one row in SQL?

STUFF Function in SQL Server

  1. Create a database.
  2. Create 2 tables as in the following.
  3. Execute this SQL Query to get the student courseIds separated by a comma. USE StudentCourseDB. SELECT StudentID, CourseIDs=STUFF. ( ( SELECT DISTINCT ‘, ‘ + CAST(CourseID AS VARCHAR(MAX)) FROM StudentCourses t2.

How do I get last 10 rows in SQL?

The following is the syntax to get the last 10 records from the table. Here, we have used LIMIT clause. SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM yourTableName ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 10 )Var1 ORDER BY id ASC; Let us now implement the above query.

Is Rownum stored in database?

Rowid, Rownum are the Pseudo columns in oracle used to select the data from tables. ROWID is a pseudo column in a table which store and return row address in HEXADECIMAL format with database tables. ROWID is the permanent unique identifiers for each row in the database.

Output.

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ROWID EMPNO
AADZmhABAAAAck0AAN 14

How do I select specific rows in SQL?

To select rows using selection symbols for character or graphic data, use the LIKE keyword in a WHERE clause, and the underscore and percent sign as selection symbols. You can create multiple row conditions, and use the AND, OR, or IN keywords to connect the conditions.

How can I get top 3 salary in SQL?

To Find the Third Highest Salary Using a Sub-Query,

  1. SELECT TOP 1 SALARY.
  2. FROM (
  3. SELECT DISTINCT TOP 3 SALARY.
  4. FROM tbl_Employees.
  5. ORDER BY SALARY DESC.
  6. ) RESULT.
  7. ORDER BY SALARY.

How do I select top 10 rows in SQL Developer?

Returning TOP N Records

  1. Microsoft SQL Server SELECT TOP 10 column FROM table.
  2. PostgreSQL and MySQL SELECT column FROM table LIMIT 10.
  3. Oracle SELECT column FROM table WHERE ROWNUM <= 10.
  4. Sybase SET rowcount 10 SELECT column FROM table.
  5. Firebird SELECT FIRST 10 column FROM table.

What is offset in SQL query?

SQL | OFFSET-FETCH Clause

  • OFFSET.
  • The OFFSET argument is used to identify the starting point to return rows from a result set. Basically, it exclude the first set of records. Note:
  • FETCH.
  • The FETCH argument is used to return a set of number of rows. FETCH can’t be used itself, it is used in conjuction with OFFSET. Syntax:

How do you select top 10 values in SQL?

Example – Using TOP PERCENT keyword

SELECT TOP(10) PERCENT contact_id, last_name, first_name FROM contacts WHERE last_name = ‘Anderson’ ORDER BY contact_id; This SQL SELECT TOP example would select the first 10% of the records from the full result set.

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How do you select the top 10 maximum value in SQL?

Re: SQL command for retrieving 10 highest values ?

  1. SELECT TOP(2) * FROM ( SELECT 1 ID,1233 AMOUNT UNION SELECT 2 ID,12 AMOUNT UNION SELECT 3 ID,1003 AMOUNT UNION SELECT 4 ID,1897 AMOUNT UNION SELECT 5 ID,1245 AMOUNT ) A ORDER BY AMOUNT DESC. …
  2. SELECT TOP(10) * FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT Customer. …
  3. SELECT DISTINCT Customer.

How can get second highest salary in SQL Server?

How To Find Second Highest Salary Using a Sub-Query

  1. SELECT TOP 1 SALARY.
  2. FROM (
  3. SELECT DISTINCT TOP 2 SALARY.
  4. FROM tbl_Employees.
  5. ORDER BY SALARY DESC.
  6. ) RESULT.
  7. ORDER BY SALARY.
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