Why do we use upper in SQL?
UPPER() : This function in SQL Server helps to convert all the letters of the given string to Uppercase. If the given string contains special characters or numeric values, then they will remain unchanged by this function.
Why is upper function used?
Use the UPPER function to replace every lowercase letter in a character string with an uppercase letter. The UPPER function accepts an argument of a character data type and returns a value of the same data type as the argument you specify.
How do you uppercase in MySQL?
MySQL UPPER() converts all the characters in a string to uppercase characters. A string whose characters are to be converted to uppercase. Your browser does not support HTML5 video. The following MySQL statement returns the given string after converting all of its characters in uppercase.
Do MySQL commands need to be capitalized?
Is it necessary to use the capital letters in MySql ? No. The reserved words in MySQL are case insensitive. Writing them in upper case, just helps the readability of the query.
What is the use of Instr in SQL?
The INSTR functions search string for substring . The function returns an integer indicating the position of the character in string that is the first character of this occurrence.
How do you get a proper case in SQL?
SQL Function to make all TEXT to propercase in SQL Server
- create function ConvertToTitleCase(@Text as varchar(8000))
- returns varchar(8000)
- declare @Reset bit;
- declare @Ret varchar(8000);
- declare @index int;
- declare @c char(1);
Which type of function is upper?
The Microsoft Excel UPPER function allows you to convert text to all uppercase. The UPPER function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a String/Text Function. It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel.
How do you do upper text?
In cell B2, type =PROPER(A2), then press Enter. This formula converts the name in cell A2 from uppercase to proper case. To convert the text to lowercase, type =LOWER(A2) instead. Use =UPPER(A2) in cases where you need to convert text to uppercase, replacing A2 with the appropriate cell reference.
How do I sort in MySQL?
When sorting your result set in descending order, you use the DESC attribute in your ORDER BY clause as follows: SELECT last_name, first_name, city FROM contacts WHERE last_name = ‘Johnson’ ORDER BY city DESC; This MySQL ORDER BY example would return all records sorted by the city field in descending order.
How can I see unique values in MySQL?
MySQL – Distinct Values
To get unique or distinct values of a column in MySQL Table, use the following SQL Query. SELECT DISTINCT(column_name) FROM your_table_name; You can select distinct values for one or more columns. The column names has to be separated with comma.
What is enum data type in MySQL?
An ENUM is a string object with a value chosen from a list of permitted values that are enumerated explicitly in the column specification at table creation time.