How can a function return a value in SQL Server?

How can a function return a value in SQL?


  1. DECLARE @ReturnValue INT.
  2. EXEC @ReturnValue = < Store Procedure Name > < Parameters > Select @ReturnValue.
  3. Example: DECLARE @ReturnValue INT.
  4. EXEC @ReturnValue = CheckStudentId 34.
  5. SELECT @ReturnValue.

Do SQL functions have to return a value?

The RETURN statement is used to unconditionally and immediately terminate an SQL procedure by returning the flow of control to the caller of the stored procedure. It is mandatory that when the RETURN statement is executed that it return an integer value. If the return value is not provided, the default is 0.

How do I return a single value from a function in SQL?

A Scalar-valued function in SQL Server 2012 is used to return a single value of any T-SQL data type. A CREATE FUNCTION statement is used to create a Scalar-valued function. The name of the function should not be more than 128 characters.

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Does function return a value?

A return is a value that a function returns to the calling script or function when it completes its task. A return value can be any one of the four variable types: handle, integer, object, or string. The type of value your function returns depends largely on the task it performs.

Can procedure return a value?

A stored procedure does not have a return value but can optionally take input, output, or input-output parameters. A stored procedure can return output through any output or input-output parameter.

What is the difference between a function and a function call?

A function call means invoking or calling that function. Unless a function is called there is no use of that function. … So the difference between the function and function call is, A function is procedure to achieve a particular result while function call is using this function to achive that task.

How do you call a table valued function in SQL query?

SQL Server Table-valued Functions

  1. CREATE FUNCTION udfProductInYear ( @model_year INT ) RETURNS TABLE AS RETURN SELECT product_name, model_year, list_price FROM production.products WHERE model_year = @model_year;
  2. SELECT * FROM udfProductInYear(2017);
  3. SELECT product_name, list_price FROM udfProductInYear(2018);

Which keyword is used to give back the value *?

Answer: Return keyword is used. Answer: By Using the keyword return.

What is difference between stored procedure and function?

The function must return a value but in Stored Procedure it is optional. Even a procedure can return zero or n values. Functions can have only input parameters for it whereas Procedures can have input or output parameters. Functions can be called from Procedure whereas Procedures cannot be called from a Function.

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What will be the return type of a table valued function?

A table-valued function returns a single rowset (unlike stored procedures, which can return multiple result shapes). Because the return type of a table-valued function is Table , you can use a table-valued function anywhere in SQL that you can use a table.

What is a table value?

A table of values is a list of numbers that are used to substitute one variable, such as within an equation of a line and other functions, to find the value of the other variable, or missing number.

What is the difference between procedure and function?

Function is used to calculate something from a given input. Hence it got its name from Mathematics. While procedure is the set of commands, which are executed in a order.

How do you write a function in SQL query?


  1. Specify a name for the function.
  2. Specify a name and data type for each input parameter.
  3. Specify the RETURNS keyword and the data type of the scalar return value.
  4. Specify the BEGIN keyword to introduce the function-body. …
  5. Specify the function body. …
  6. Specify the END keyword.

How do you call a scalar valued function in SQL Server?

Scalar-valued functions can be executed by using the EXECUTE statement. If you EXECUTE a function rather than use it in a SELECT statement or constraint, you can leave out the schema name in the function name, and it will look in the dbo schema followed by the users default schema.

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